International Baccalaureate schools are in existence all around the world. The International Baccalaureate (IB) program was formed in 1968 and is now in 141 countries according to latest figures found by Baccalaureate.info. There are three different programs that are designed for students from age three to nineteen years of age. These programs are the Primary Years Programme, Middle Years Programme, or Diploma Programe. The IB program prepares students to be caring and responsible world citizens. Students gain an understanding of different cultures and are encouraged to grow in respect for others in the world. The IB program is generally regarded as being more academically challenging than many other programs.
The International Baccalaureate schools focus on the entire student rather than on simply teaching traditional subjects, such as math, language, science, and history. They have “Areas of Knowledge” that are Natural Sciences, Human Sciences, Arts, Mathematics, Ethics, and History that students must master. Diploma students, who range from sixteen to nineteen years of age, must pass Theory of Knowledge, a subject that is centered on four different ways of knowing. These are Sense Perception, Reasoning, Language, and Emotion. In addition, students must show that they have met eight pre-set outcomes that involve Creativity, Action, and Service. Some of these elements of the curriculum, such as Sense Perception, Emotion, and Service are not a part of most other curriculums in various educational programs.
The IB Diploma is issued to students who are eighteen or nineteen years of age who have completed the Diploma program. After this, students are well-trained for university or college-level work. They have already completed a lengthy essay of 4,000 words and learned the research skills necessary to be successful in college. Students have also gained years of experience passing exams during their years in an IB school, so they are well-prepared for college-level testing.
IB schools have very strong math and science programs in addition to their other classes. Baccalaureate.info has found that programs that emphasize these subjects are welcomed by many school districts in the United States since students in the United States often score low in math and science when compared with students from other countries. The IB schools do not allow students to receive their Diploma without mastering the curriculum, which includes strenuous math and science classes. Students who have difficulty in these subjects may receive help from teaching staff or peer tutoring.
Students who enter an IB school at age three and continue learning under the IB educational philosophy have received a very well-rounded education by the time that they receive their Diploma. Although they learn high-level math and science, they also learn to appreciate art and language. The entire program is designed to ultimately prepare students for entry to any university around the world. In fact, the program was initially organized with this goal in mind. It attempts to minimize the differences in education that students receive simply because they live in one country and not in another.
Creating world citizens is the main goal of the IB school. There are currently over 1,200 IB schools in the United States. Some countries have only a few IB schools, while others have many more. The United Kingdom has over 200; Canada has over 300, and China has almost 100 IB schools. IB schools are usually located in large urban areas, but there are some locations in less populated areas. Some inner-city schools in the United States have become IB schools during periods of restructuring of school districts when educators and parents were looking for more challenging educational programs for students.
The International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) is the hub for all IB schools. It is here that supplies can be purchased, jobs for teachers are posted, and schools interested in possibly becoming IB schools find their information. Baccalaureate.info readers can find the link to the IBO website in the menu area. The website also has answers to many questions that students, parents, and educators have about the program. It is possible to read blog posts to discover more about the IB program at the IBO website.